Sanctuary Cities and What is Ahead

Sanctuary Cities and What is Ahead

Sanctuary Cities are cities which permit residence by illegal immigrants to help them avoid deportation. They do this by not working with Immigration and Customs Enforcement officials that the city has an illegal immigrant in criminal custody even if they have not been convicted of a crime. Attorney General Jeff Sessions will take away federal funding to communities who are sanctuary cities. He states federal law allows withholding of federal funds to sanctuary cities and will take those measures soon. Mr. Sessions believes that our nation is less safe by putting dangerous criminals back on the street. A number of big cities, including New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, and Dallas have refused to notify Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Sanctuary Cities have stated that it is unconstitutional to withhold federal funds. One Justice Department office was expecting to award more than $4.1 billion in grants this fiscal year. In July 2015, a woman was killed in San Francisco by an … [Read more...]



Mr. Phillip Galyen is celebrating 35 years in the Texas Bar!! Come celebrate with US! I want to personally invite you as our existing and prospective clients to celebrate Mr. Galyen’s amazing 35 years as an attorney in the Texas Bar. Becoming an attorney is about service to others -- the law school process, the Bar Exam, the deep and abiding goal to help others through life. Yes, you, through life. When Mr. Galyen started this firm, that was his goal. In the process of attaining this goal, he decided to, among so many other great things, create a bankruptcy practice for you, for us, for the people of Texas. The bankruptcy code is there, and provides rights to you, yes you, especially if you need financial relief, from debt, from your creditors, from crises, from (well, to be frank) financial despair. If you need a fresh start in life, YOU, yes, you, I want you to come see us. I want you to be a part of the trust, the loyalty, the depth, the care, the professionalism … [Read more...]

Informal (common-law) marriage in Texas

Informal (common-law) marriage in Texas

Under the common law marriage doctrine, if certain conditions are met, a couple is considered to be legally married, despite not having a marriage license, a ceremony, or a marriage certificate. Texas recognizes common law marriage. But, we are unique in that Texas is the only state in the country that recognizes common law marriage -- and also assumes that the property acquired by the common law married couple is community property until the date of divorce. This means that a couple who meet the conditions for common-law marriage could find themselves in divorce court dividing their assets and debts without ever having been to the altar or having been issued a marriage certificate. So, what exactly is a common-law marriage, and how do you know if you’re in one? A common law marriage provides the same benefits and legal status to the couple as a traditional, formal marriage. Under the current Texas Family Code, a man and a woman** are considered to be legally married if the … [Read more...]



I am apparently on the “He’s old so we can scam him“ list. Extended warranties or refinancing for cars I don’t own, windows, roofing, and people claiming to be from the IRS or my internet provider. Some of these folks are looking to sell me something. Others are looking to rip me off. Why do millions of people fall for these scams? Well, mostly because the victims didn’t use the buddy system. You remember as early as preschool you would be assigned a partner so you could look out for each other. Later you may have married and had children. Spouses and parents and children utilize the buddy system. However, as we age, experience ill health, and possibly become more isolated we are more vulnerable to fraud. I can’t cure the common criminal, but I have some reminders to make us slightly less easy to prey upon. Check your pride at the door. We all need help. Never give out your information over the telephone. Run your life like a business. (Business decisions are … [Read more...]

President Trump Causing increase in SSA Wait Time

President Donald Trump’s federal hiring freeze will exacerbate the backlog of cases waiting to be heard for Social Security Disability. There are currently around 1,650 Administrative Judges hearing disability claims in the US. Even with this number, the average wait for an appeal to be processed as of May 2016 was 526 days, according to the Social Security Administration’s inspector general. There were 1.1 million people waiting on decisions at this level. SSA wanted to increase the number of Judges to 1,900 to lower the processing time as the number of applicants increased, but the federal civilian employee hiring freeze will prevent this. Trump’s Order does allow the Office of Personnel Management to grant exemptions. The order requires the Office of Management and Budget to develop a plan within 90 days for shrinking the workforce, and says the blanket freeze will expire once that plan is implemented. SSA Commissioner said that he hopes Social Security officials will … [Read more...]

Can You File Bankruptcy More than Once? Just Ask Donald Trump

Bankruptcy Attorney

President Has Declared Bankruptcy 6 Times The federal bankruptcy laws were established to give individuals and business owners the opportunity for a fresh start. Ideally, with that fresh start, and with the lessons learned that forced you into bankruptcy, you'll not repeat earlier mistakes. But things happen…you may suffer a serious injury or get a divorce. Your business may encounter unanticipated challenges. Can you file for bankruptcy more than once and, if so, how long must you wait to file again? How is it that President Trump was able to file for bankruptcy protection six times between 1991 and 2009? It's important to understand, first, that the bankruptcy law does not include any limitations on how soon you may file for bankruptcy protection after an earlier petition—the limitation is only on how soon you may discharge debts in bankruptcy. If you file too quickly after a prior discharge, the filing could be a waste of time and money, as you won't be able to permanently rid … [Read more...]

Public Intoxication

Texas Penal Code Sec. 49.02. PUBLIC INTOXICATION. (a) A person commits an offense if the person appears in a public place while intoxicated to the degree that the person may endanger the person or another. (a-1) For the purposes of this section, a premises licensed or permitted under the Alcoholic Beverage Code is a public place. (b) It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the alcohol or other substance was administered for therapeutic purposes and as a part of the person's professional medical treatment by a licensed physician. (c) Except as provided by Subsection (e), an offense under this section is a Class C misdemeanor. (d) An offense under this section is not a lesser included offense under Section 49.04. (e) An offense under this section committed by a person younger than 21 years of age is punishable in the same manner as if the minor committed an offense to which Section 106.071, Alcoholic Beverage Code, applies. Public intoxication is a Class C … [Read more...]


Immigration Attorney

There has been a lot of confusion among the immigration community with a recent update to the Immigration Enforcement Priorities. A key difference in the new enforcement priorities from the enforcement outlined by former President Obama is that the previous enforcement priorities categorized crimes based on severity in order to utilize the available ICE resources as efficiently as possible. In the new order, the priorities include any offense, which could open the door to even traffic violations. It also includes those charged with a criminal offense which has not been resolved and acts that constitute chargeable criminal offense. With so much information floating around in the news, social media, and through friends, it is best to obtain direct information from your attorney regarding your specific case. Make an appointment today to discuss immigration options for you or your family. … [Read more...]


Estate Planning

I read a quote the other day that has caused me to engage in the unaccustomed torture of thought. “You can do anything, but you can’t do everything.” I think the sentiment is empowering and a little bit intimidating. On the one hand, I want relief from the oppressive pace of my life and the responsibility and feelings of guilt that accompany trying to “do it all”, and inevitably failing. On the other hand, if I have choices to make as to the use of my time, talents, and money, then it’s difficult to blame other people or circumstances for those choices. There are countless decisions to make: planning, investing, saving, purchases, charitable giving, job options, relationships, vacations, recreation, maintenance and upkeep, to name a few. While a beautiful beach or a big pay raise captures my imagination, saving for retirement or getting my teeth cleaned does not. Estate planning is the planning and maintenance part of life. My favorite toothbrush inscription is; “Only brush the ones … [Read more...]

Lifetime alimony… in Texas.


No, that’s not a misprint. And, while lifetime spousal support after divorce is certainly not the norm, Texas courts do have the power and authority to order alimony (we call it spousal maintenance) if specific conditions are met, including the obligation to make spousal maintenance payments for as long as the recipient continues to meet certain criteria. In general, a spouse seeking alimony must be “eligible” to receive the maintenance support. When parties divorce in Texas, not only does the court divide community property, but it also has the discretion and power to order recurring payments from one spouse to the other in the event that the spouse seeking maintenance will lack sufficient property (including separate property) to provide for his/her minimum reasonable needs. Interestingly, there is no definition of “minimum reasonable needs” in the Texas Family Code. Accordingly, the courts are faced with a fact-specific analysis in each case. In this regard, courts … [Read more...]